Computer-based applications in implantology (conference summary)

Revista del Colegio Oficial de Odontólogos de Madrid

ABSTRACT

In this conference we will review various IT applications, which are useful for planning and implant treatment. Via a CAT scan of the patient, a 3D-reconstruction of the jaw is performed, having as well views of cross, axial and panoramic sections. Thus we acquire perfect knowledge of the patient’s anatomy and of structures of great interest, such as the sinus cavities and the dental nerve.

With this same system we can place the implants, observing down to the last detail the right sizes, inclination and appropriate angles for the anatomical bone structure of the patient. This way allows us to carry out precise planning, perform virtual surgery and if we so wish, obtain a splint which will allow us to place the implants in the right way.

The characteristics and differences between planning and traditional surgery and guided surgery are as follows:

Traditional Surgery: An approximate plan is created from an orthopantomography. You can get a basic idea of bone density and position of the anatomical structures. The spatial location of the implant is determined after surgery via an impression.

Guided Surgery: A CT scan provides an accurate assessment of the nerves, sinuses and bone density. We perform surgical planning with software. We obtain a surgical guide from planning. Guided surgical procedures provide precision. Possibility of immediate restoration.

Conclusions: Planning systems, such as Simplant, provide perfect knowledge of the case avoiding complications due to errors. Splints planned with software allow implant placement in special situations or angles with minimally invasive surgery.

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